The total length of the Hungarian road network is 158,000 km, of which 30,130 kilometers belong to the national network. The rest belongs to local governments, private entities, and institutions serving local interests. Within the national network 6,740 km are categorized as major trunk roads. Ninety-seven percent of the national roads are paved, while in the case of local and municipal roads the paved proportion is 32%. The density of the national road network is 320 km/1,000 km2. This may be considered low in comparison with the average for the ECMT countries (557 km/1,000 km2).
In its bid to develop the expressway network, the Government adopted a 10-year construction plan (Government. Decree No. 2117/1999) to add 600 km of expressway. Main objectives of this network development are the following:
• The improvement of international and domestic network connections and the satisfaction of demands;
• Assuring a supply of road infrastructure that would decrease territorial inequalities and foster uniform regional development;
• The improvement of transport conditions (reduction of the number of accidents, time expenditure, and operating costs);
• The reduction of the harmful effects on the environment and nature;
• Increasing the efficiency of transport.